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EDUCE Literary Journal is biannual publication committed to showcasing visual artists and publishing innovative literary fiction, poetry, and creative nonfiction by established and emerging writers from the queer community.

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Because we have a small crew and a girthy stack of submissions, please allow up to 9 months for response.

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Educe is interested in submissions from visual artists & Writers. Each issue features one artist whose work will be used for the cover. Please send 10-12 pieces as attachments.

News & Events.

How Prosthetic Limbs Work

Not everybody is endowed with a perfect body and we fret over that fact. But for a few of us, we aren’t even granted a complete body. Imagine having to give up a limb due to some reason and still having the need to continue living life and not give up as we have come here to do much more than what’s “needed”. That’s the spirit with which an amputee or limbless person wakes up every morning. But thankfully, technology and mechanics have tried really hard to fill up their bodily void, if not the mental setback. Prosthetic limbs can be called a boon for those who are missing a part of their body.


Design of any prosthetic limb solely depends on the usage decided for it due to need of the patient and site of their amputation. A cosmesis is a prosthetic limb designed majorly for cosmetic purposes and not much attention is paid to the control. Efforts have been made to make the limb very similar to the user’s original body part. The patient’s skin tone can be duplicated using modern plastics and pigments. Details can be replicated to the ‘T’ including hair and fingerprints.

While looking at limbs which are more functional than aesthetic, one might go for a prosthetic arm which is shaped like a pincer and helps the patient grab things and do other work. A covering looking like a hand shaped glove can make it look close to a hand.


Control of the prosthetic limb is done via different methods. One could be a body-powered limb which is connected to another part of the body by making use of cables which is attached to another healthy and strong body part which works the way a natural body part should. The limb can be controlled by another healthy muscle analogous to how a foot is used to strike the pedal to apply brakes in a car. Another way of control could be attained by using limbs powered by motors. Use of switches or buttons help the patient to use the limb in the way they desire for the task to be performed. Different tasks which are done using a hand or arm are imitated and duplicated by using sequence of pressing the buttons and switches in the order which lets the task be done. Some patients do not have to amputate an entire limb or they might have lost only a portion during an accident. In such cases, the residual part of the muscles can be used by the patient t control the prosthetic limb. Muscles while contracting generate electrical signals which can be read by electrodes measuring muscle movements. These prosthetic limbs are called Myoelectric and are a little similar in the way switch control prosthetic limbs work with the same working principle. A trans humeral prosthetic limb contains many joints and can be used using a sequence to move joints in a certain order for the action.

Why Do We Get Fevers?


The human body is a wonderful creation which is capable of doing wonders which haven’t still been figured out completely. But any beautiful creation has to face setbacks and its greatness can only be measured by the extent to which it can overcome problems. The human body is formulated in such a way that it fights off any ill causes which disturb its normal functioning. But while doing so, the body does give us information that there is something wrong with it and that is when we seek medical help. For instance, if you don’t feel all that great and on placing your hand on your forehead, you feel warm and sweaty which makes you tired overall, you’re most likely dealing with a fever.

A fever is confirmed when the temperature of the body rises way beyond its normal fluctuation range. While the rectal temperature may not be accurate, fever is more accurately confirmed by taking the oral or armpit temperature as they approximately give an idea of the overall body and can be easily measured. Viruses and Bacteria look for hosts which suitable conditions to thrive and the human body takes steps to prevent that from happening. If it isn’t a viral or bacterial fever, the likely cause could be Amphetamine abuse or alcohol withdrawal and heatstroke or environmental causes.


Body temperature is regulated by the Hypothalamus in the brain which can be compared to a thermostat in real life. In events of infiltration of germs in the body, the normal behaviour gets disrupted. Once the hypothalamus detects these changes, the temperature of the body is increased and this takes away the comfortable range of living for the germs in the blood stream. A fever acts as an indicator to let you know that the infection needs treatment. Another common thing associated with fever is shivering, which is how the body starts to generate more heat to elevate the temperature, making us feel warmer.

Although the heat increase in the body is used to drive the germs away, it should be taken care of that it doesn’t exceed beyond a certain limit. If it exceeds 105 degrees Fahrenheit, proteins and body fats get exposure to temperature stresses. If the fever goes for a longer duration and high temperature, necrosis, fevers, delirium, infarctions and seizures aren’t uncommon to follow. There are extremely rare cases when the hypothalamus doesn’t function properly due to fevers and instead of the body temperature becoming really hot, it drops to a low temperature.

There’s a saying that is heard whenever a fever is observed that, “Feed a cold, starve a Fever.” Quite simply put, food should be taken in extremely less quantities in case of a fever. This is true and has three reasons to back it up. Eating more would stress the digestive system under fever, the body could interpret the food as allergens and excessive fever would lead to seizures, collapse and delirium which are accentuated by eating.

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